Church of Philadelphia ( Part 3 )

End-Time  Theological  Battle   -   Universalist vs. Remnant   ( Part 3 )   By Ted Robertson

In the last two weeks, we have examined Universalist Theology and its Christian equivalent, the Ecumenical Movement. Universalist Theology essentially is of the belief that any and all religion has merit as a pathway to Almighty God and as such, no religion is exclusively on the pathway of truth. The Ecumenical Movement seeks to unite the Christian sects for the sake of unity alone without dealing with the doctrinal differences – kind of an all-encompassing acceptance of one another – unified in spite of diametrically opposed differences in belief.

In the case of Universalism, we discovered that this theology contradicts the theology of Jesus Christ who stated "No man cometh unto the Father, but by me." (John 14:6) In the case of Ecumenicalism, we discovered that the Adventist Church cannot join this movement due to its disposition to subordinate and suppress doctrinal differences, which thus places it in the realm of overlooking error and ignoring the search for truth.

  1. As we continue in the study of the Letters to the Seven Churches, we see that the sixth church of Philadelphia is a prophetic picture of the new light of the Advent Movement. This is the rise of the Remnant Church as prophesied in other parts of Revelation. And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth. I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name. Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, Is. 60.14 and to know that I have loved thee.  Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown. Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: Rev. 21.2 and I will write upon him my new name.  He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.   Revelation 3:7-13


    A  funny  thing  happened  in  Protestantism  in  America  during  that  time.

An excerpt from the book, The Great Controversy:  "In preaching the doctrine of the second advent, William Miller and his associates had labored with the sole purpose of arousing men to a preparation for the judgment.  They had sought to awaken professors of religion to the true hope of the church and to their need of a deeper Christian experience, and they labored also to awaken the unconverted to the duty of immediate repentance and conversion to God.  "They made no attempt to convert men to a sect or party in religion.  Hence they labored among all parties and sects, without interfering with their organization or discipline."

"In all my labors," said Miller, "I never had the desire or thought to establish any separate interest from that of existing denominations, or to benefit one at the expense of another.  I thought to benefit all.  Supposing that all Christians would rejoice in the prospect of Christ's coming, and that those who could not see as I did would not love any the less those who should embrace this doctrine, I did not conceive there would ever be any necessity for separate meetings.  My whole object was a desire to convert souls to God, to notify the world of a coming judgment, and to induce my fellow men to make that preparation of heart which will enable them to meet their God in peace.  The great majority of those who were converted under my labors united with the various existing churches." – Bliss, page 328.

As his work tended to build up the churches, it was for a time regarded with favor.  But as ministers and religious leaders decided against the advent doctrine and desired to suppress all agitation of the subject, they not only opposed it from the pulpit, but denied their members the privilege of attending preaching upon the second advent, or even of speaking of their hope in the social meetings of the church.  Thus the believers found themselves in a position of great trial and perplexity.  They loved their churches and were loath to separate from them; but as they saw the testimony of God's word suppressed and their right to investigate the prophecies denied they felt that loyalty to God forbade them to submit.  Those who sought to shut out the testimony of God's word they could not regard as constituting the church of Christ, "the pillar and ground of the truth."  Hence they felt themselves justified in separating from their former connection. In the summer of 1844 about fifty thousand withdrew from the churches.

About this time a marked change was apparent in most of the churches throughout the United States.  There had been for many years a gradual but steadily increasing conformity to worldly practices and customs, and a corresponding decline in real spiritual life; but in that year there were evidences of a sudden and marked declension in nearly all the churches of the land.  While none seemed able to suggest the cause, the fact itself was widely noted and commented upon by both the press and the pulpit.

At a meeting of the presbytery of Philadelphia, Mr. Barnes, author of a commentary widely used and pastor of one of the leading churches in that city, "stated that he had been in the ministry for twenty years, and never, till the last Communion, had he administered the ordinance without receiving more or less into the church.  But now there are no awakenings, no conversions, not much apparent growth in grace in professors, and none come to his study to converse about the salvation of their souls.  With the increase of business, and the brightening prospects of commerce and manufacture, there is an increase of worldly-mindedness.  Thus it is with all the denominations." – Congregational Journal, May 23, 1844.

In the month of February of the same year, Professor Finney of Oberlin College said:  "We have had the fact before our minds, that, in general, the Protestant churches of our country, as such, were either apathetic or hostile to nearly all the moral reforms of the age.  There are partial exceptions, yet not enough to render the fact otherwise than general.  We have also another corroborated fact:  the almost universal absence of revival influence in the churches.  The spiritual apathy is almost all-pervading, and is fearfully deep; so the religious press of the whole land testifies. . . .  Very extensively, church members are becoming devotees of fashion, -- join hands with the ungodly in parties of pleasure, in dancing, in festivities, etc. . . .  But we need not expand this painful subject.  Suffice it that the evidence thickens and rolls heavily upon us, to show that the churches generally are becoming sadly degenerate.  They have gone very far from the Lord, and He has withdrawn Himself from them."
And a writer in the Religious Telescope testified:  "We have never witnessed such a general declension of religion as at the present.  Truly, the church should awake, and search into the cause of this affliction; for as an affliction everyone that loves Zion must view it.  When we call to mind how 'few and far between' cases of true conversion are, and the almost unparalleled impertinence and hardness of sinners, we almost involuntarily exclaim, 'Has God forgotten to be gracious? or, Is the door of mercy closed?'"

Such a condition never exists without cause in the church itself.  The spiritual darkness which falls upon nations, upon churches and individuals, is due, not to an arbitrary withdrawal of the succors of divine grace on the part of God, but to neglect or rejection of divine light on the part of men.  A striking illustration of this truth is presented in the history of the Jewish people in the time of Christ.  By their devotion to the world and forgetfulness of God and His word, their understanding had become darkened, their hearts earthly and sensual.  Thus they were in ignorance concerning Messiah's advent, and in their pride and unbelief they rejected the Redeemer.  God did not even then cut off the Jewish nation from a knowledge of, or a participation in, the blessings of salvation.  But those who rejected the truth lost all desire for the gift of Heaven.  They had "put darkness for light, and light for darkness," until the light which was in them became darkness; and how great was that darkness!

It suits the policy of Satan that men should retain the forms of religion if but the spirit of vital godliness is lacking.  After their rejection of the gospel, the Jews continued zealously to maintain their ancient rites, they rigorously preserved their national exclusiveness, while they themselves could not but admit that the presence of God was no longer manifest among them.  The prophecy of Daniel pointed so unmistakably to the time of Messiah's coming, and so directly foretold His death, that they discouraged its study, and finally the rabbis pronounced a curse on all who should attempt a computation of the time.  In blindness and impenitence the people of Israel during succeeding centuries have stood, indifferent to the gracious offers of salvation, unmindful of the blessings of the gospel, a solemn and fearful warning of the danger of rejecting light from heaven.
Wherever the cause exists, the same results will follow.  He who deliberately stifles his convictions of duty because it interferes with his inclinations will finally lose the power to distinguish between truth and error.  The understanding becomes darkened, the conscience callous, the heart hardened, and the soul is separated from God.  Where the message of divine truth is spurned or slighted, there the church will be enshrouded in darkness; faith and love grow cold, and estrangement and dissension enter.  Church members center their interests and energies in worldly pursuits, and sinners become hardened in their impenitence.

The first angel's message of Revelation 14, announcing the hour of God's judgment and calling upon men to fear and worship Him, was designed to separate the professed people of God from the corrupting influences of the world and to arouse them to see their true condition of worldliness and backsliding.  In this message, God has sent to the church a warning, which, had it been accepted, would have corrected the evils that were shutting them away from Him.  Had they received the message from heaven, humbling their hearts before the Lord and seeking in sincerity a preparation to stand in His presence, the Spirit and power of God would have been manifested among them.  The church would again have reached that blessed state of unity, faith, and love which existed in apostolic days, when the believers "were of one heart and of one soul," and "spake the word of God with boldness," when "the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved." Acts 4:32, 31; 2:47.
If God's professed people would receive the light as it shines upon them from His word, they would reach that unity for which Christ prayed, that which the apostle describes, "the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace."  "There is," he says, "one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; one Lord, one faith, one baptism." Ephesians 4:3-5.

–  Great Controversy, pages 375-379  ( Chapter 21 "A Warning Rejected" )

Verse 9 of Revelation 3 implies that there will be those who seek new light and truth from those in the Church of Philadelphia – i.e. those who would keep up with and accept advancing truth.

In light of this text, let us ask the questions: How can the Remnant Church accept other theologies and beliefs that it sees are in conflict with its understanding of the Scriptures? How can Remnant Theology possibly be compatible with Universalist Theology or the Ecumenical Movement?

If Isaiah 8:20 states that those who speak not according to the Word have "no light" in them, then how can light be unified with darkness? How is this a superior theology?

Next week we will study the role of the Remnant Church in the End of Days and contrast it with the theology of Universalism and the role it plays.

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